it is also the third largest Greek island. It lies in the south-eastern area of the Aegean Sea, opposite the south-western coast of Asia Minor, at a distance of about 13 Km. from it. Rhodes Dodecanese Rhodos island, which is mainly mountainous in character, has no large rivers or lakes but there are extensive fertile areas on inland plains and plateaux, and many lush valleys.
The excellent climate, fertile soil, and the island’s geographical position, are the dominant factors behind Rhodes’ continuous and considerable occupation since earliest times. Of the present population of approximately 110,000, some 52,000 live in the city of Rhodes, the island’s capital. The remainder live in the forty or so settlements scattered over the island. For the most part, the inhabitants are employed in tourist related professions. And what draws the island’s 1,300,000 annual visitors from all over the world? It is not possible to give all Rhodes’ many delights in this short space, but a quick list would include the benign climate, offering yearround sunshine; the cooling sea breezes in summer; the clean, sandy beaches; the beautiful countryside; the archaeological sites; the cosmopolitan atmosphere; and an excellent tourist infrastructure that extends from the largest resorts to the smallest seaside or mountain retreat. Rhodes is justly considered the most important tourist centre in the Mediterranean.
Of especial significance is the island’s cultural heritage, a direct result of its robust history through the ages. All over the island there are important archaeological monuments of extreme beauty; living examples of a glorious past. UNESCO has decreed rhodes A World Heritage Site.