is situated on the western side of the island and is one of the biggest on Rhodes. Municipality Ialysos is named after the ancient city of lalysos which became celebrated during the ancient Greek times for the athletic achievements of the Eratidon family and Diagoras. Today it has 10,000 residents, most of whom are involved with tourism.
The magnificent beach of Trianda, or lxia, runs for 8 kilometres along the length of its coast. It begins in the Kritika area. Moderate winds blow towards the end of summer making the atmosphere cool and pleasant during the hot days of July and August. The region is now a luxurious summer resort with fabulous hotels providing every possible comfort. Inland from the bay is the corresponding community of lalysos, built at the foot of the green hill of Filerimos. In its central square is the remarkable church of “Kimissis tis Theotokou”.
lt dates to the 17th century with its magnificent bell tower and Saint Nicholas chapel. Throughout the whole lalysos region there are scattered remains from the era of the Knights.
On the crest of Filerimos hill is the ancient acropolis ot lalysos, one of the most important archaeological sites on the island. It was inhabited during the 10th century B.C., being a natural defence, and was strongly fortified with walls and towers. It was the defensive and administrative centre of ancient lalysos, one of the three original city-states of Rhodes. As well as being a stronghold, Filerimos was also an important sacred area.
Worth mentioning are the foundations of two impressive temples. One is the shrine of Pallas Athena (3rd century B.C.), the daughter of Zeus and patron goddess of the lalysians, and the other is a temple to Zeus Polieas. The latter was adapted by the early Christians into a church, the Filerimos Panagia, who was worshipped by the local people; the original baptism area remains. There is also today. a monastery built during the Italian occupation, the cells of which stand in a neat courtyard.
On the southern side stand the ruins of the Knights’ castle, and, from much earlier times, the ancient necropalis and a beautiful Dorian fountain complex (350-300 B.C.). The spring waters ran along two channels and were held in large cisterns. A special landmark is the hilltop cross. This is sometimes open to the public and the views from it are stunning. The original ltalian cross was destroyed in 1940 and rebuilt after the war.
From other points on the hill there is also a series of spectacular views; you can see most of the surrounding countryside. Rhodes town is clearly visible, as is all of lalysos bay with its grand hotels. To the west there are the villages of Kremasti and Paradissi, and to the south Pastido and Maritsa. In the distance rise the
green slopes of Mt. Profitis Elias and the imposing, bare summit Mt. Ataviros.